Category Archives: Hospice

2016 Is Ramping Up For Telemedicine Developments

Two months in and this year has already seen significant movement in regulatory action across the country to expand the ability to provide telemedicine services. Below please find some of the more significant items that have already gone into effect in 2016 or are under consideration, including commercial payor and Medicaid reimbursement coverage for telemedicine services, reciprocal licenses for out-of-state providers and the ability to prescribe without an in-person evaluation.

Parity Laws in New York and Connecticut

Effective January 1, 2016, New York passed a Chapter Amendment clarifying last year’s telemedicine commercial coverage statute.  Under the 2016 Chapter Amendment, private insurers are required to cover services via telemedicine if provided by hospitals, home care and hospice agencies, licensed physicians, physician assistants, dentists, nurses, midwives, podiatrists, optometrists, ophthalmic dispensers, psychologists, social workers, speech language pathologists and audiologists.  The parity law prohibits an insurer from excluding from coverage a service provided via telehealth if that service is otherwise covered in-person.

The law also provides for Medicaid reimbursement to providers for telehealth services, which is defined broadly to include real-time two-way electronic audio visual communications, asynchronous store and forward technology and remote patient monitoring. However, with the exception of remote patient monitoring, telehealth will not be reimbursed by Medicaid when the patient is located in their home.  The New York Department of Health is expected to release telemedicine regulations later this year.

Similarly, Connecticut also recently passed a new telemedicine parity law that went into effect January 1, 2016. Under Connecticut’s parity law, commercial insurers must provide coverage for services rendered via telemedicine under the same terms and conditions as would apply if that service was provided in-person.  Connecticut broadly defines telehealth to include services performed by a telehealth provider at a distant site as well as synchronous interactions, asynchronous store and forward transfers and remote patient monitoring.

Notably, Connecticut went even farther than New York in its telehealth parity law by expressly preventing a health plan from excluding a service from coverage solely because the service is provided through telehealth and not in-person. In this way, a health plan cannot exclude a telehealth service, such as remote patient monitoring, simply because it does not lend itself to an in-person professional service.

Florida’s Controlled Substance Teleprescription Law

Florida recently implemented a new rule to permit physicians to prescribe controlled substances via telemedicine exclusively for the treatment of psychiatric disorders, effective March 4, 2016. Specifically, the amended regulation provides that controlled substances may not be prescribed through the use of telemedicine, “except for the treatment of psychiatric disorders.”

However, after passing this new rule, the Florida Board of Medicine recognized that it is still restricted by the Federal Ryan Haight Online Pharmacy Consumer Protection Act of 2008.  The Ryan Haight Act narrowly permits the remote prescription of controlled substances for patients without an in-person evaluation so long as the patient is: (1) physically located in a hospital or clinic with a valid DEA registration; and (2) treated by a DEA registered practitioner in the usual course of professional practice and in accordance with state law.  Accordingly, while Florida is expanding its telemedicine laws, the prescription of controlled substances via telemedicine will only be broadly permissible if the American Telemedicine Association, or other organizations, are successful in amending the Ryan Haight Act.

Newly Introduced Telemedicine Bills in New Jersey and Ohio

Various other states are also in the process of trying to pass telemedicine bills. For example, New Jersey recently introduced a bill on February 8, 2016, that would require private payors to provide coverage for telemedicine to the same extent that the services would be covered if they were provided through an in-person consultation.

Additionally, another NJ telemedicine bill was introduced on January 12, 2016, which would provide a mechanism for physicians and other health care providers to obtain reciprocal licenses to practice in New Jersey if the providers are licensed by another state in their particular specialty.  The bill would also provide a parity law for telemedicine services to be reimbursed under NJ Medicaid.  As a similar bill was proposed in 2015 and has now carried over into the 2016 session, the likelihood of its passing is even greater.

An Ohio legislative bill is also headed to the Senate that would allow patients to obtain prescriptions (for non-controlled substances) without an in-person exam or visit from a health care provider.

For more information on telehealth and telemedicine legal and regulatory considerations, continued legislative developments or related issues, please feel free to contact Daniel Meier or any member of our health care practice group for a further discussion.

New Hospice Cost Report Released: Effective for Cost-Reporting Periods Beginning Next Week

On August 29, 2014, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) released the final version of the new Medicare cost report, Form CMS 1984-14, applicable to freestanding hospice providers. Freestanding hospice providers must use the new form for cost-reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2014. It is anticipated that similar rules for provider-based hospices will follow. A copy of the new form and instructions for completing the same are available here:

The revised cost reporting form is substantially expanded, and requires, among other changes, that providers report direct patient care costs based on the level of care that was provided. In order to comply with these new reporting requirements, hospices will need to modify their existing chart of accounts. One such modification is to ensure that all costs associated with each of the four different levels of care be kept in separate general ledger accounts. This represents a substantial expansion of hospices’ obligations to document costs in their accounting records. However, this practice will facilitate completion of the following new worksheets: (A) A-1: Continuous Home Care; (B) A-2: Routine Home Care; (C) A-3: Inpatient Respite Care; (D) A-4: General Inpatient Care.

The forms and instructions were revised in accordance with the statutory requirement for hospice payment reform, as required under the Patient Protection and Affordable Act, and to incorporate data previously reported on Form CMS-339, the Provider Cost Report Reimbursement Questionnaire. The expanded data captured by the new cost report will be used in future years to facilitate payment reform.

For more information on new hospice cost report, or related Medicare reimbursement issues, please feel free to contact Dan O’Brien or any member of our health care practice group for a further discussion.

MyCare Ohio Transition Continues

Ohio’s transition to Medicaid managed care continues. The Ohio Department of Medicaid, the contracting agency with the 5 managed care companies now providing services to Ohio’s dual eligible population is [providing more information to Ohio providers during this transition period. Those dual eligible (eligible individuals for both Medicare and Medicaid) are being transitioned into these managed care private sector insurance programs. Some providers have been experiencing technical difficulties in submitting claims under the new managed care systems and providers are frustrated with slow payments. An updated released by the Ohio Department of Medicaid provides some statistics by region on the number of submitted claims and percentages of paid claims within 30 days of submission. The information provides a link to the Provider Payment Technical Assistance program to work with providers on a case-by-case basis to assist in resolution of issues and to resolve payment concerns. The Ohio Department of Medicaid issuance that includes the Provider Payment Technical Assistance link can be found at http://healthtransformation.ohio.gov/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=V9a0WTwYchs%3d&tabid=105

OIG 2014 Work Plan – Hospice

This article represents another installment of a series of articles that will outline the OIG’s activities, as discussed in the 2014 work plan, for a specific industry sector – hospice.

For 2014, the OIG’s activities relating to hospices are focused on the provision of hospice services in assisted living facilities, and quality of care.

Hospice in Assisted Living Facilities

Pursuant to the Affordable Care Act, CMS is required to reform the hospice payment system, collect data relevant to revising hospice payments, and develop quality measures for hospices. Hospice care is currently provided in a variety of settings, including private residences, skilled nursing facilities, and assisted living facilities. Continue reading

OIG Releases 2014 Work Plan

The OIG recently made available its 2014 Work Plan. The Plan identifies OIG focus areas and priority projects for the coming year. This post provides a brief summary of many of the new OIG projects for fiscal year 2014 to assist providers in keeping abreast of the latest developments in health care fraud and abuse, compliance, reimbursement, and enforcement activities. Only a small part of the Plan is summarized here. For the entire document, please follow the link below. Continue reading

Office of Inspector General Issues Strategic Plan

The Office of the Inspector General (“OIG”) issued a 2014-2018 strategic plan including outlining the visions, goals, and priorities of that office for the upcoming several years. The plan sets forth four goals: 1. Fight fraud, waste and abuse; 2. Promote quality, safety, and value; 3. Secure the future; and 4. Advance excellence and innovation. Each goals is identified with several priority areas that support the stated goal. The report can be found at the OIG’s website http://go.us.gov/WdbV

New Regulation Imposes Requirements on Agreements between Nursing Homes and Hospice Partners

Nursing facilities and skilled nursing facilities (collectively, “Nursing Homes”) will need to enter into written agreements, or revise existing agreements, with hospice providers, as well as implement new policies and procedures to meet the requirements of a final rule promulgated by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”). The final rule, which can be found in the Federal Regulations at 42 CFR § 483.75(t), requires agreements between Nursing Home facilities and hospice providers to specifically address the roles and responsibilities of each entity and designate individuals responsible for oversight of related policies and procedures. Continue reading