The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) recently released the civil money penalty (“CMP”) analytic tool used by CMS Regional Offices (“RO”) to review, approve or modify the proposed fines for nursing facilities (“NF”) and skilled nursing facilities (“SNF”)(collectively “NF”) (Link). Regulatory guidance CMS S&C 15-16-NH was released on December 19, 2014 and includes a description and the components of the analytic tool used by CMS since April, 2013 to determine the adequacy of the proposed CMPs for survey violations for NFs. The RO is required to review and either approve or modify the proposed CMPs issued by each State Agency based upon NF Medicare and Medicaid certification citations. Providers have often wondered about the actual calculation method being utilized by CMS and this analytic tool lays out the interpretation factors being used by CMS when applying the factors in the required by 42 CFR 488.404 for consideration when imposing a CMP on a facility as result of a single survey or for multiple surveys in a survey cycle.
CMPs and other enforcement remedies are required to be imposed based upon the scope and severity of the regulatory citations either for health deficiencies or life safety code deficiencies. CMS indicates that the analytic tool does not replace professional judgment but it to be used as a guideline in the CMP calculation process. The guidance states that the tool is “provide logic, structure, and defined factors for mandatory consideration in the determination of CMPs.” The analytic tool distinguishes between the use of Per Instance penalty use and a Per Day penalty use. A Per Instance penalty is a single defined fine amount between $1,000 and $10,000 for the survey cycle. The analytic tool indicates that a Per Day penalty is to be used unless the specific requirements are met for the Per Day penalty. A Per Instance penalty is often less costly to a provider than a Per Day penalty and is typically preferred by providers due to the certainty of the actual amount being imposed.
Per Instance penalties can only be applied if:
1. The facility is not a special focus facility;
2. Findings are no more than a G level (actual harm, isolated) or an F level (no actual harm, widespread with substandard care) and the facility has a good compliance history for the past 3 standard surveys; and
3. Findings of past noncompliance are not cited at a G level or an F level substandard care.
In addressing the discretion and professional judgment to be used by the RO personnel the guidance provides for a 35% increase or decrease in the CMP amount without CMS Central Office approval. If the RO proposes to increase or decrease the CMP amount by more than 35%, Central Office must provide approval of those changes. The stated purpose of the utilization of the analytic tool is to provide a more consistent application of enforcement remedies. The guidance also states that a Per Day CMP is to begin on the first day of noncompliance which may or may not be during the on-site survey. Also, the Per Day CMP is to start on the first day of identified noncompliance even if that date is prior to the survey. However, the CMP start date cannot be prior to the date of the last standard survey. This guidance reaffirms the imposition of CMPs that are applied retrospectively with a possibility that CMPs may be imposed as far back as 15 months. A retrospective CMP imposition can be in the hundreds of thousands of dollars for providers for an immediate jeopardy citation and can result in significant ramifications for providers.
A few of the factors that change the proposed amount of CMPs and are calculated with the tool include:
1. Scope and severity of the citations;
2. Number of citations;
3. Repeated citations;
4. Facility culpability; and
5. Facility financial condition.
The guidance provides some examples related to application of criteria for facility culpability based upon Departmental Appeals Board (“DAB”) cases. Those examples include repeated failure to follow or clarify doctor’s treatment orders; repeated failure to notify doctor of significant changes; repeated failure to supervise resident with a known history of elopement; staff failure to report physical, verbal or sexual abuse and egregious dignity issues.
Providers should carefully review this recently issued S&C guidance to have a clear understanding of how the CMPs are calculated by CMS and what factors can affect the increase or decrease of those CMPs. Understanding the factors related to fines and sanctions imposed by CMS and the amount of discretion that is allowed in the imposition of fines are important in the operation of NFs on an ongoing basis.
Posted in Certification, CMS Transmittals, Long Term Care, Medicaid, Medicare, Nursing Facility, Nursing Home, Participation, Skilled Nursing Facility, Survey and Certification Letters
Tagged Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Nursing Home, Skilled Nursing Facility
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”), the Medicare oversight agency, issued a new Chapter to the State Operations Manual (“SOM”) governing the imposition of alternative sanctions for home health agencies (“HHA”). Chapter 10 of the SOM is a new chapter outlining the processes for implementing the imposition of civil money penalties, directed in-service training, directed plans of correction, suspension of payment and temporary management. These intermediate sanctions were authorized in a final rule issued in 2012. Continue reading
On February 20, 2014, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Departmental Appeals Board upheld CMS’ revocation of the Medicare provider number of a clinic/group practice.
In Advanced Care Medical Center v CMS (Docket No. C-13-1383/Decision No. CR3124), the DAB, Civil Remedies Division upheld CMS’ revocation of Advanced Care’s Medicare provider number.
The matter began with an investigation by the Office of the Inspector General which revealed that Advanced Care entered into a contract with a doctor, allowing him to bill for services under it’s billing number in exchange for a set reimbursement, and the doctor submitted bills under Petitioner’s billing number. Continue reading
Posted in Certification, Community Based Care, Compliance Programs, DAB Decisions, DHHS, Fraud and Abuse, Health & Human Services, Health Care, Health Care Providers, Medicare, Out-Patient Care, Participation, Physicians, Program Integrity, Provider Enrollment - Medicare, Regulatory Compliance
On February 4, 2014, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued in the Federal Register a notice of temporary moratoria on enrollment of new home health agencies (HHA) and ambulance suppliers and providers in certain geographic locations across the U.S. The moratoria were effective on January 30, 2014. CMS also extended existing moratoria noticed on July 31, 2013. Continue reading
Posted in Ambulance, Certification, Community Based Care, Florida, Fraud and Abuse, General, Health & Human Services, Health Care, Health Care Providers, Home Health, Illinois, Medicaid, Medicare, Michigan, New Jersey, Participation, Post Acute Care, Program Integrity, Provider Enrollment - Medicaid, Provider Enrollment - Medicare, Regulation, States, Texas, Transportation
The first Survey & Certification memo for nursing facilities was issued for Fiscal Year 2014 on October 1, 2013. S&C 14-01-NH requires nursing facilities to adopt a policy that implements basic life support measures such as basic CPR for residents in accordance with the individual resident’s advance directives. Some nursing facilities have previously adopted a policy that when a resident is found without vital signs and the resident was a full code, the facility called 911 and waited for a response from the emergency personnel. CMS has affirmatively stated that the facility implement CPR when cardiac arrest occurs for residents in accordance with their advance directives and merely waiting for emergency personnel to respond to the 911 call is inadequate. CPR certified staff must be available at all times to provide CPR when necessary. Facilities will be cited under F155 for violating a resident’s right to formulate an advance directive if the facility does not develop and successfully implement policies and procedures to assure that residents will be resuscitated in accordance with their individual advance directives.
You can find a copy of the letter here —> S&C 14-01-NH
For more information on the Survey Letter or related issues, please feel free to contact Janet Feldkamp or any member of our health care practice group for a further discussion.
Posted in Advanced Directives, Certification, Consumers, Continuing Care, Health Care, Health Care Decisions, Health Care Providers, Long Term Care, Medicare, Nursing Facility, Nursing Home, Post Acute Care, Regulatory Compliance, Residential Care, Skilled Nursing Facility, Survey and Certification Letters
Earlier this month, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) released a policy memorandum announcing stricter Medicare certification practices for buyers of Medicare-participating providers opting to reject the automatic assignment of the seller’s Medicare provider contracts. When a purchaser is considering opting out of automatic assignment, it must carefully weigh the risk of reimbursement gaps with the benefit of reduced liability exposure. Continue reading
Posted in Certification, CMS Transmittals, Health & Human Services, Health Care, Health Care Providers, Medicare, Participation, Provider Enrollment - Medicare, Regulatory Compliance, Reimbursement, Survey and Certification Letters
In the April 5th Federal Register, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) proposed new rules relating to immediate jeopardy situations for providers or suppliers that are not Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNFs) or Nursing Facilities (NFs). The proposed rules were published in April of 2013 in the Federal Register and generally apply to the oversight of accrediting organizations, but CMS also proposed a changed to the rule on providers and suppliers, other than SNFs and NFS, with deficiencies. Continue reading
Posted in Acute Care, Certification, Continuing Care, DAB Decisions, DHHS, Health & Human Services, Health Care, Health Care Providers, Home Health, Hospice, Hospital, Intermediate Care Facility, Long Term Care, Medicare, Nursing Facility, Nursing Home, Participation, Post Acute Care, Proposed Rule, Regulation, Regulatory Compliance, Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Hospital, Residential Care, Skilled Nursing Facility