Category Archives: Program Integrity

OIG Proposes New Revisions to Civil Monetary Penalty Regulations

On May 12th, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services (OIG) issued a proposed rule which would amend the federal civil monetary penalty (CMP) regulations addressing new CMP authorities created under the Affordable Care Act.  The revised regulations would allow for civil penalties, assessments, and exclusion from Medicare for :

  • Failure to grant OIG timely access to records;
  • ordering or prescribing while excluded;
  • making false statements, omissions, or misrepresentations in an enrollment application;
  • failure to report and return an overpayment; and
  • making or using a false record or statement that is material to a false or fraudulent claim.

Comments on the proposed regulations can be submitted up until July 11, 2014.  The proposed rule and instructions for submitting comments can be viewed here—> Proposed CMP Regulatory Revisions

For more information on the revisions to the CMP regulations, Fraud and Abuse, Compliance, Medicare Program Integrity initiatives or related issues, please feel free to contact Ari Markenson or any member of our health care practice group for a further discussion.

CMS Implements Fingerprinting Background Checks for New DME and Home Health Providers

In a recently released MLN Matters (Number: SE1417), CMS announced that it is implementing the enhanced enrollment screening provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by requiring finger print based background checks for certain so called “high risk” providers. Currently this means that for newly enrolling Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetic, Orthotic and Supplies (DMEPOS) suppliers and Home Health Agencies, individuals with a 5% or greater ownership interest in the provider or supplier will be subject to criminal background checks based on fingerprint identification. The procedure will also apply to providers that CMS has elevated to the high risk category pursuant to regulations. Affected providers will be notified by their MAC and be given 30 days to comply. The notification will identify contact information for the Fingerprint Based Background Check Contractor (FBBC). Continue reading

OIG Issues Report on Limited Compliance with Medicare’s Face-to-Face Requirement for Home Health Services

On April 9, 2014, the US Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General’s (OIG) Office of Evaluation and Inspections (OEI) issued a report (OEI-01-12-00390) entitled “Limited Compliance With Medicare’s Home Health Face to Face Documentation Requirements.”

The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) requires physicians to physically see and evaluate patients for home health services. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act requires the physicians to document this face-to-face visit as a condition of payment. The face-to-face requirement was implemented to help prevent fraud in home health. The idea is that requiring physicians to document the specifics of a face-to-face visit with a Medicare beneficiary will help prevent fraud by ensuring the physician actually saw and assessed the beneficiary before certifying the patient as eligible for home health services. Continue reading

HHS DAB Upholds Revocation of Clinic’s Medicare Provider Number

On February 20, 2014, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Departmental Appeals Board upheld CMS’ revocation of the Medicare provider number of a clinic/group practice.

In Advanced Care Medical Center v CMS (Docket No. C-13-1383/Decision No. CR3124), the DAB, Civil Remedies Division upheld CMS’ revocation of Advanced Care’s Medicare provider number.

The matter began with an investigation by the Office of the Inspector General which revealed that Advanced Care entered into a contract with a doctor, allowing him to bill for services under it’s billing number in exchange for a set reimbursement, and the doctor submitted bills under Petitioner’s billing number.   Continue reading

OIG 2014 Work Plan – Skilled Nursing Facilities

Recently, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General (the “OIG”) released its work plan for 2014. The work plan provides stakeholders in the health care industry with a broad overview of the OIG’s activities in the coming year as they relate to its enforcement priorities and issues it will review and evaluate during the year. This article is one in a series of articles that will outline the OIG’s activities, as discussed in the 2014 work plan, for a specific industry sector – skilled nursing facilities.

For 2014, the OIG’s activities relating to skilled nursing facilities are focused on billing and payments and quality of care. Continue reading

CMS Final Rule on Moratoria for the Enrollment of New Home Health Agencies and Ambulance Suppliers and Providers

On February 4, 2014, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued in the Federal Register a notice of temporary moratoria on enrollment of new home health agencies (HHA) and ambulance suppliers and providers in certain geographic locations across the U.S. The moratoria were effective on January 30, 2014. CMS also extended existing moratoria noticed on July 31, 2013. Continue reading

CMS Directs MACs to Reject Part B Ambulance Claims for SNF to SNF Transfers

On November 6, 2013, CMS issued Transmittal No. 1311 which instructed Medicare Administrative Contractors (“MACs”) to reject claims for SNF to SNF ambulance transfers that are billed separately under Part B. According to CMS, ambulance transportation and related ambulance services for residents in a Part A stay are included in the SNF PPS rate and may not be billed as Part B services by the supplier. Instead, the SNF discharging the beneficiary to another SNF is responsible for the transportation fees. As such, ambulance providers must seek payment from the transferring SNF. Continue reading